HardFault_Handler!! -- Just flash LED on STM32F103C8T6

beyondany wrote on Wednesday, November 04, 2015:

Hi all,

I just want to flash a LED on a small STM32F103C8T6 dev board,but FAULT with “HardFault_Handler”.

Could someone provide samples or how to fix the Fault?

Thanks for help in advance.

startup_stm32f10x_md.s

;******************** (C) COPYRIGHT 2011 STMicroelectronics ********************
;* File Name          : startup_stm32f10x_md.s
;* Author             : MCD Application Team
;* Version            : V3.5.0
;* Date               : 11-March-2011
;* Description        : STM32F10x Medium Density Devices vector table for MDK-ARM 
;*                      toolchain.  
;*                      This module performs:
;*                      - Set the initial SP
;*                      - Set the initial PC == Reset_Handler
;*                      - Set the vector table entries with the exceptions ISR address
;*                      - Configure the clock system
;*                      - Branches to __main in the C library (which eventually
;*                        calls main()).
;*                      After Reset the CortexM3 processor is in Thread mode,
;*                      priority is Privileged, and the Stack is set to Main.
;* <<< Use Configuration Wizard in Context Menu >>>   
;*******************************************************************************
; THE PRESENT FIRMWARE WHICH IS FOR GUIDANCE ONLY AIMS AT PROVIDING CUSTOMERS
; WITH CODING INFORMATION REGARDING THEIR PRODUCTS IN ORDER FOR THEM TO SAVE TIME.
; AS A RESULT, STMICROELECTRONICS SHALL NOT BE HELD LIABLE FOR ANY DIRECT,
; INDIRECT OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES WITH RESPECT TO ANY CLAIMS ARISING FROM THE
; CONTENT OF SUCH FIRMWARE AND/OR THE USE MADE BY CUSTOMERS OF THE CODING
; INFORMATION CONTAINED HEREIN IN CONNECTION WITH THEIR PRODUCTS.
;*******************************************************************************

; Amount of memory (in bytes) allocated for Stack
; Tailor this value to your application needs
; <h> Stack Configuration
;   <o> Stack Size (in Bytes) <0x0-0xFFFFFFFF:8>
; </h>

Stack_Size      EQU     0x00000400

                AREA    STACK, NOINIT, READWRITE, ALIGN=3
Stack_Mem       SPACE   Stack_Size
__initial_sp


; <h> Heap Configuration
;   <o>  Heap Size (in Bytes) <0x0-0xFFFFFFFF:8>
; </h>

Heap_Size       EQU     0x00000000

                AREA    HEAP, NOINIT, READWRITE, ALIGN=3
__heap_base
Heap_Mem        SPACE   Heap_Size
__heap_limit

				IMPORT xPortPendSVHandler
				IMPORT xPortSysTickHandler
				IMPORT vPortSVCHandler

                PRESERVE8
                THUMB


; Vector Table Mapped to Address 0 at Reset
                AREA    RESET, DATA, READONLY
                EXPORT  __Vectors
                ;EXPORT  __Vectors_End
                ;EXPORT  __Vectors_Size

__Vectors       DCD     __initial_sp               ; Top of Stack
                DCD     Reset_Handler              ; Reset Handler
                DCD     NMI_Handler                ; NMI Handler
                DCD     HardFault_Handler          ; Hard Fault Handler
                DCD     MemManage_Handler          ; MPU Fault Handler
                DCD     BusFault_Handler           ; Bus Fault Handler
                DCD     UsageFault_Handler         ; Usage Fault Handler
                DCD     0                          ; Reserved
                DCD     0                          ; Reserved
                DCD     0                          ; Reserved
                DCD     0                          ; Reserved
                DCD     vPortSVCHandler            ; SVCall Handler
                DCD     DebugMon_Handler           ; Debug Monitor Handler
                DCD     0                          ; Reserved
                DCD     vPortSVCHandler            ; PendSV Handler
                DCD     xPortSysTickHandler        ; SysTick Handler

                ; External Interrupts
                DCD     WWDG_IRQHandler            ; Window Watchdog
                DCD     PVD_IRQHandler             ; PVD through EXTI Line detect
                DCD     TAMPER_IRQHandler          ; Tamper
                DCD     RTC_IRQHandler             ; RTC
                DCD     FLASH_IRQHandler           ; Flash
                DCD     RCC_IRQHandler             ; RCC
                DCD     EXTI0_IRQHandler           ; EXTI Line 0
                DCD     EXTI1_IRQHandler           ; EXTI Line 1
                DCD     EXTI2_IRQHandler           ; EXTI Line 2
                DCD     EXTI3_IRQHandler           ; EXTI Line 3
                DCD     EXTI4_IRQHandler           ; EXTI Line 4
                DCD     DMA1_Channel1_IRQHandler   ; DMA1 Channel 1
                DCD     DMA1_Channel2_IRQHandler   ; DMA1 Channel 2
                DCD     DMA1_Channel3_IRQHandler   ; DMA1 Channel 3
                DCD     DMA1_Channel4_IRQHandler   ; DMA1 Channel 4
                DCD     DMA1_Channel5_IRQHandler   ; DMA1 Channel 5
                DCD     DMA1_Channel6_IRQHandler   ; DMA1 Channel 6
                DCD     DMA1_Channel7_IRQHandler   ; DMA1 Channel 7
                DCD     ADC1_2_IRQHandler          ; ADC1_2
                DCD     USB_HP_CAN1_TX_IRQHandler  ; USB High Priority or CAN1 TX
                DCD     USB_LP_CAN1_RX0_IRQHandler ; USB Low  Priority or CAN1 RX0
                DCD     CAN1_RX1_IRQHandler        ; CAN1 RX1
                DCD     CAN1_SCE_IRQHandler        ; CAN1 SCE
                DCD     EXTI9_5_IRQHandler         ; EXTI Line 9..5
                DCD     TIM1_BRK_IRQHandler        ; TIM1 Break
                DCD     TIM1_UP_IRQHandler         ; TIM1 Update
                DCD     TIM1_TRG_COM_IRQHandler    ; TIM1 Trigger and Commutation
                DCD     TIM1_CC_IRQHandler         ; TIM1 Capture Compare
                DCD     TIM2_IRQHandler            ; TIM2
                DCD     TIM3_IRQHandler            ; TIM3
                DCD     TIM4_IRQHandler            ; TIM4
                DCD     I2C1_EV_IRQHandler         ; I2C1 Event
                DCD     I2C1_ER_IRQHandler         ; I2C1 Error
                DCD     I2C2_EV_IRQHandler         ; I2C2 Event
                DCD     I2C2_ER_IRQHandler         ; I2C2 Error
                DCD     SPI1_IRQHandler            ; SPI1
                DCD     SPI2_IRQHandler            ; SPI2
                DCD     USART1_IRQHandler          ; USART1
                DCD     USART2_IRQHandler          ; USART2
                DCD     USART3_IRQHandler          ; USART3
                DCD     EXTI15_10_IRQHandler       ; EXTI Line 15..10
                DCD     RTCAlarm_IRQHandler        ; RTC Alarm through EXTI Line
                DCD     USBWakeUp_IRQHandler       ; USB Wakeup from suspend
;__Vectors_End

;__Vectors_Size  EQU  __Vectors_End - __Vectors

                AREA    |.text|, CODE, READONLY

; Reset handler
Reset_Handler    PROC
                 EXPORT  Reset_Handler             [WEAK]
     IMPORT  __main
     ;IMPORT  SystemInit
                 ;LDR     R0, =SystemInit
                 ;BLX     R0
                 LDR     R0, =__main
                 BX      R0
                 ENDP

; Dummy Exception Handlers (infinite loops which can be modified)

NMI_Handler     PROC
                EXPORT  NMI_Handler                [WEAK]
                B       .
                ENDP
HardFault_Handler\
                PROC
                EXPORT  HardFault_Handler          [WEAK]
                B       .
                ENDP
MemManage_Handler\
                PROC
                EXPORT  MemManage_Handler          [WEAK]
                B       .
                ENDP
BusFault_Handler\
                PROC
                EXPORT  BusFault_Handler           [WEAK]
                B       .
                ENDP
UsageFault_Handler\
                PROC
                EXPORT  UsageFault_Handler         [WEAK]
                B       .
                ENDP
SVC_Handler     PROC
                EXPORT  SVC_Handler                [WEAK]
                B       .
                ENDP
DebugMon_Handler\
                PROC
                EXPORT  DebugMon_Handler           [WEAK]
                B       .
                ENDP
PendSV_Handler  PROC
                EXPORT  PendSV_Handler             [WEAK]
                B       .
                ENDP
SysTick_Handler PROC
                EXPORT  SysTick_Handler            [WEAK]
                B       .
                ENDP

Default_Handler PROC

                EXPORT  WWDG_IRQHandler            [WEAK]
                EXPORT  PVD_IRQHandler             [WEAK]
                EXPORT  TAMPER_IRQHandler          [WEAK]
                EXPORT  RTC_IRQHandler             [WEAK]
                EXPORT  FLASH_IRQHandler           [WEAK]
                EXPORT  RCC_IRQHandler             [WEAK]
                EXPORT  EXTI0_IRQHandler           [WEAK]
                EXPORT  EXTI1_IRQHandler           [WEAK]
                EXPORT  EXTI2_IRQHandler           [WEAK]
                EXPORT  EXTI3_IRQHandler           [WEAK]
                EXPORT  EXTI4_IRQHandler           [WEAK]
                EXPORT  DMA1_Channel1_IRQHandler   [WEAK]
                EXPORT  DMA1_Channel2_IRQHandler   [WEAK]
                EXPORT  DMA1_Channel3_IRQHandler   [WEAK]
                EXPORT  DMA1_Channel4_IRQHandler   [WEAK]
                EXPORT  DMA1_Channel5_IRQHandler   [WEAK]
                EXPORT  DMA1_Channel6_IRQHandler   [WEAK]
                EXPORT  DMA1_Channel7_IRQHandler   [WEAK]
                EXPORT  ADC1_2_IRQHandler          [WEAK]
                EXPORT  USB_HP_CAN1_TX_IRQHandler  [WEAK]
                EXPORT  USB_LP_CAN1_RX0_IRQHandler [WEAK]
                EXPORT  CAN1_RX1_IRQHandler        [WEAK]
                EXPORT  CAN1_SCE_IRQHandler        [WEAK]
                EXPORT  EXTI9_5_IRQHandler         [WEAK]
                EXPORT  TIM1_BRK_IRQHandler        [WEAK]
                EXPORT  TIM1_UP_IRQHandler         [WEAK]
                EXPORT  TIM1_TRG_COM_IRQHandler    [WEAK]
                EXPORT  TIM1_CC_IRQHandler         [WEAK]
                EXPORT  TIM2_IRQHandler            [WEAK]
                EXPORT  TIM3_IRQHandler            [WEAK]
                EXPORT  TIM4_IRQHandler            [WEAK]
                EXPORT  I2C1_EV_IRQHandler         [WEAK]
                EXPORT  I2C1_ER_IRQHandler         [WEAK]
                EXPORT  I2C2_EV_IRQHandler         [WEAK]
                EXPORT  I2C2_ER_IRQHandler         [WEAK]
                EXPORT  SPI1_IRQHandler            [WEAK]
                EXPORT  SPI2_IRQHandler            [WEAK]
                EXPORT  USART1_IRQHandler          [WEAK]
                EXPORT  USART2_IRQHandler          [WEAK]
                EXPORT  USART3_IRQHandler          [WEAK]
                EXPORT  EXTI15_10_IRQHandler       [WEAK]
                EXPORT  RTCAlarm_IRQHandler        [WEAK]
                EXPORT  USBWakeUp_IRQHandler       [WEAK]

WWDG_IRQHandler
PVD_IRQHandler
TAMPER_IRQHandler
RTC_IRQHandler
FLASH_IRQHandler
RCC_IRQHandler
EXTI0_IRQHandler
EXTI1_IRQHandler
EXTI2_IRQHandler
EXTI3_IRQHandler
EXTI4_IRQHandler
DMA1_Channel1_IRQHandler
DMA1_Channel2_IRQHandler
DMA1_Channel3_IRQHandler
DMA1_Channel4_IRQHandler
DMA1_Channel5_IRQHandler
DMA1_Channel6_IRQHandler
DMA1_Channel7_IRQHandler
ADC1_2_IRQHandler
USB_HP_CAN1_TX_IRQHandler
USB_LP_CAN1_RX0_IRQHandler
CAN1_RX1_IRQHandler
CAN1_SCE_IRQHandler
EXTI9_5_IRQHandler
TIM1_BRK_IRQHandler
TIM1_UP_IRQHandler
TIM1_TRG_COM_IRQHandler
TIM1_CC_IRQHandler
TIM2_IRQHandler
TIM3_IRQHandler
TIM4_IRQHandler
I2C1_EV_IRQHandler
I2C1_ER_IRQHandler
I2C2_EV_IRQHandler
I2C2_ER_IRQHandler
SPI1_IRQHandler
SPI2_IRQHandler
USART1_IRQHandler
USART2_IRQHandler
USART3_IRQHandler
EXTI15_10_IRQHandler
RTCAlarm_IRQHandler
USBWakeUp_IRQHandler

                B       .

                ENDP

                ALIGN

;*******************************************************************************
; User Stack and Heap initialization
;*******************************************************************************
                 IF      :DEF:__MICROLIB           
                
                 EXPORT  __initial_sp
                 EXPORT  __heap_base
                 EXPORT  __heap_limit
                
                 ELSE
                
                 IMPORT  __use_two_region_memory
                 EXPORT  __user_initial_stackheap
                 
__user_initial_stackheap

                 LDR     R0, =  Heap_Mem
                 LDR     R1, =(Stack_Mem + Stack_Size)
                 LDR     R2, = (Heap_Mem +  Heap_Size)
                 LDR     R3, = Stack_Mem
                 BX      LR

                 ALIGN

                 ENDIF

                 END

;******************* (C) COPYRIGHT 2011 STMicroelectronics *****END OF FILE*****

main.c

/*
    FreeRTOS V7.0.0 - Copyright (C) 2011 Real Time Engineers Ltd.
	

    ***************************************************************************
     *                                                                       *
     *    FreeRTOS tutorial books are available in pdf and paperback.        *
     *    Complete, revised, and edited pdf reference manuals are also       *
     *    available.                                                         *
     *                                                                       *
     *    Purchasing FreeRTOS documentation will not only help you, by       *
     *    ensuring you get running as quickly as possible and with an        *
     *    in-depth knowledge of how to use FreeRTOS, it will also help       *
     *    the FreeRTOS project to continue with its mission of providing     *
     *    professional grade, cross platform, de facto standard solutions    *
     *    for microcontrollers - completely free of charge!                  *
     *                                                                       *
     *    >>> See http://www.FreeRTOS.org/Documentation for details. <<<     *
     *                                                                       *
     *    Thank you for using FreeRTOS, and thank you for your support!      *
     *                                                                       *
    ***************************************************************************


    This file is part of the FreeRTOS distribution.

    FreeRTOS is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under
    the terms of the GNU General Public License (version 2) as published by the
    Free Software Foundation AND MODIFIED BY the FreeRTOS exception.
    >>>NOTE<<< The modification to the GPL is included to allow you to
    distribute a combined work that includes FreeRTOS without being obliged to
    provide the source code for proprietary components outside of the FreeRTOS
    kernel.  FreeRTOS is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but
    WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of MERCHANTABILITY
    or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the GNU General Public License for
    more details. You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public
    License and the FreeRTOS license exception along with FreeRTOS; if not it
    can be viewed here: http://www.freertos.org/a00114.html and also obtained
    by writing to Richard Barry, contact details for whom are available on the
    FreeRTOS WEB site.

    1 tab == 4 spaces!

    http://www.FreeRTOS.org - Documentation, latest information, license and
    contact details.

    http://www.SafeRTOS.com - A version that is certified for use in safety
    critical systems.

    http://www.OpenRTOS.com - Commercial support, development, porting,
    licensing and training services.
*/
	

/* Standard includes. */
#include <stdio.h>

/* Scheduler includes. */
#include "FreeRTOS.h"
#include "task.h"
#include "queue.h"

/* Library includes. */
#include "stm32f10x.h"
#include "stm32f10x_it.h"

/* user files  		*/
#include "My_InitTask.h"



void Task1 (void *data);

/*******************************************************************************
* Function Name  : Delay
* Description    : Inserts a delay time.
* Input          : nCount: specifies the delay time length.
* Output         : None
* Return         : None
*******************************************************************************/
void Delay(vu32 nCount)
{
  for (; nCount != 0;nCount--);
}


/*-----------------------------------------------------------*/
/*-----------------------------------------------------------*/
int main( void )				 
{

	My_InitTask();

	xTaskCreate( Task1, ( signed portCHAR *) "Task1", configMINIMAL_STACK_SIZE, NULL, (tskIDLE_PRIORITY+1), NULL);

	/* Start the scheduler. */
	vTaskStartScheduler();
	/* Will only get here if there was not enough heap space to create the idle task. */
	return 0;

}


/*-----------------------------------------------------------*/
/*-----------------------------------------------------------*/	
void Task1 (void *data)
{

	portTickType xLastWakeTime;

	data = data;

	xLastWakeTime = xTaskGetTickCount();

	while (1) 
	{
        GPIO_SetBits( GPIOA,GPIO_Pin_1);            
	vTaskDelay( 1000 / portTICK_RATE_MS ); 
//		vTaskDelayUntil( &xLastWakeTime, 1000 / portTICK_RATE_MS ); 

		GPIO_ResetBits(GPIOA, GPIO_Pin_1);  
		vTaskDelay( 1000 / portTICK_RATE_MS ); 


	}
}


freertosconfig.h

/*
    FreeRTOS V7.0.0 - Copyright (C) 2011 Real Time Engineers Ltd.
	

    ***************************************************************************
     *                                                                       *
     *    FreeRTOS tutorial books are available in pdf and paperback.        *
     *    Complete, revised, and edited pdf reference manuals are also       *
     *    available.                                                         *
     *                                                                       *
     *    Purchasing FreeRTOS documentation will not only help you, by       *
     *    ensuring you get running as quickly as possible and with an        *
     *    in-depth knowledge of how to use FreeRTOS, it will also help       *
     *    the FreeRTOS project to continue with its mission of providing     *
     *    professional grade, cross platform, de facto standard solutions    *
     *    for microcontrollers - completely free of charge!                  *
     *                                                                       *
     *    >>> See http://www.FreeRTOS.org/Documentation for details. <<<     *
     *                                                                       *
     *    Thank you for using FreeRTOS, and thank you for your support!      *
     *                                                                       *
    ***************************************************************************


    This file is part of the FreeRTOS distribution.

    FreeRTOS is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under
    the terms of the GNU General Public License (version 2) as published by the
    Free Software Foundation AND MODIFIED BY the FreeRTOS exception.
    >>>NOTE<<< The modification to the GPL is included to allow you to
    distribute a combined work that includes FreeRTOS without being obliged to
    provide the source code for proprietary components outside of the FreeRTOS
    kernel.  FreeRTOS is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but
    WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of MERCHANTABILITY
    or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the GNU General Public License for
    more details. You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public
    License and the FreeRTOS license exception along with FreeRTOS; if not it
    can be viewed here: http://www.freertos.org/a00114.html and also obtained
    by writing to Richard Barry, contact details for whom are available on the
    FreeRTOS WEB site.

    1 tab == 4 spaces!

    http://www.FreeRTOS.org - Documentation, latest information, license and
    contact details.

    http://www.SafeRTOS.com - A version that is certified for use in safety
    critical systems.

    http://www.OpenRTOS.com - Commercial support, development, porting,
    licensing and training services.
*/

#ifndef FREERTOS_CONFIG_H
#define FREERTOS_CONFIG_H

/*-----------------------------------------------------------
 * Application specific definitions.
 *
 * These definitions should be adjusted for your particular hardware and
 * application requirements.
 *
 * THESE PARAMETERS ARE DESCRIBED WITHIN THE 'CONFIGURATION' SECTION OF THE
 * FreeRTOS API DOCUMENTATION AVAILABLE ON THE FreeRTOS.org WEB SITE. 
 *
 * See http://www.freertos.org/a00110.html.
 *----------------------------------------------------------*/

#define configUSE_PREEMPTION		1
#define configUSE_IDLE_HOOK			0
#define configUSE_TICK_HOOK			0
#define configCPU_CLOCK_HZ			( ( unsigned long ) 72000000 )	
#define configTICK_RATE_HZ			( ( portTickType ) 200 )
#define configMAX_PRIORITIES		( ( unsigned portBASE_TYPE ) 5 )
#define configMINIMAL_STACK_SIZE	( ( unsigned short ) 128 )
#define configTOTAL_HEAP_SIZE		( ( size_t ) ( 10 * 1024 ) )
#define configMAX_TASK_NAME_LEN		( 16 )
#define configUSE_TRACE_FACILITY	0
#define configUSE_16_BIT_TICKS		0
#define configIDLE_SHOULD_YIELD		1

/* Co-routine definitions. */
#define configUSE_CO_ROUTINES 		0
#define configMAX_CO_ROUTINE_PRIORITIES ( 2 )

/* Set the following definitions to 1 to include the API function, or zero
to exclude the API function. */

#define INCLUDE_vTaskPrioritySet		1
#define INCLUDE_uxTaskPriorityGet		1
#define INCLUDE_vTaskDelete				1
#define INCLUDE_vTaskCleanUpResources	0
#define INCLUDE_vTaskSuspend			1
#define INCLUDE_vTaskDelayUntil			1
#define INCLUDE_vTaskDelay				1

/* This is the raw value as per the Cortex-M3 NVIC.  Values can be 255
(lowest) to 0 (1?) (highest). */
#define configKERNEL_INTERRUPT_PRIORITY 		255
#define configMAX_SYSCALL_INTERRUPT_PRIORITY 	191 /* equivalent to 0xb0, or priority 11. */


/* This is the value being used as per the ST library which permits 16
priority values, 0 to 15.  This must correspond to the
configKERNEL_INTERRUPT_PRIORITY setting.  Here 15 corresponds to the lowest
NVIC value of 255. */
#define configLIBRARY_KERNEL_INTERRUPT_PRIORITY	15

#endif /* FREERTOS_CONFIG_H */


heinbali01 wrote on Wednesday, November 04, 2015:

Just a guess, are you missing the following defines ?

/* Definitions that map the FreeRTOS port interrupt
handlers to their CMSIS standard names. */
#define vPortSVCHandler SVC_Handler
#define xPortPendSVHandler PendSV_Handler
// Don't think the following is necessary:
//#define xPortSysTickHandler SysTick_Handler

Regards.

rtel wrote on Wednesday, November 04, 2015:

Can you say at what point the hard fault occurs?

It looks like you are using a very old version of FreeRTOS! I would recommend updating to the latest to get the benefit of additional assert statements, then ensure configASSERT() is defined.

Also, it does not look like you are performing any hardware setup before running the application. In particular, on STM32 devices you need to call NVIC_PriorityGroupConfig( NVIC_PriorityGroup_4 ); before the RTOS is started. See http://www.freertos.org/RTOS-Cortex-M3-M4.html

Just a guess, are you missing the following defines ?

From the code it looks like the vectors are being installed directly, so those lines would not be needed.